Persistence of Forage Legumes

Proceedings of a Trilateral Workshop Held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 18-22 July 1988. the Trilateral Workshop Was Held Unde
  • 572 Pages
  • 2.76 MB
  • English
Amer Society of Agronomy
Legumes, Forage Crops, Congresses, Forage p
The Physical Object
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL8219275M
ISBN 100891180982
ISBN 139780891180982

Finally, forage legumes enhance the beauty of the environment and promote healthy populations of numerous wild birds and mammals. Support of research in the persistence of forage legumes is not only prudent, but essential for truly sustainable agriculture.

Shareable Link. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. Forage leguroo gemplasm developtEllt (including evaluation of genetic stocks and breeding of improved cultivars). Disease, insect, and other pest biology, resistance, and control in forage legume species.

legLnre plant population dynamics (denography). Soil nutrient stress in legumes such as acidification, Al toxicity, and P deficiency. nitrates. Finally, forage legunes enhance the beauty of the envirollii'ellt arrl prcm:>te healthy pc:pllations of wild birds and manmals.

Support of research in the persistence of forage legumes is not on. y prudent, but essential for truly sustainable agriculture. If ::rease persistence of forage legumes, we. An integrated assessment of current approaches and future needs for enhancing legume persistence is needed.

Study Description. As part of a national symposium on forage legume persistence, we evaluated the published literature from different perspectives and established futuristic needs for legume persistence in forage systems.

Forage legumes benefit pastures and hay crops by fixing N, improving seasonal distribution of growth, and enhancing animal performance, but their lack of persistence. The major temperate forage legumes are of global importance in the sustainable productivity of ruminant feed in the developed world.

This book brings together in one volume all aspects of their basic biology and associated production practices. Emphasis is placed on understanding plant characteristics and their consequences in terms of forage output, quality and utilization by.

The objective of this study was to evaluate several cool‐season forage species and cultivars to determine their tolerance to continuous grazing. Three grazing experiments were established in in central Iowa: (i) 20 cultivars and populations of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), (ii) 15 cultivars representing five cool‐season legume species.

persistence of legumes in switchgrass biomass and forage/biomass production systems." I have examined the final electronic copy of this thesis for form and content and recommend that it be accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, with a major in Plant Sciences.

Fred L. Allen, Major Professor. Experimental Forage Legumes: Kura clover: Has good persistence once established as it is rhizomatous, but its vigor during establishment is a weakness. Not Recommended Forage Grasses: Johnsongrass: Once considered a warm-season perennial grass forage, its aggressive growth habit caused it to be classified as a prohibited noxious weed.

Quackgrass. The major temperate forage legumes are of global importance in the sustainable productivity of ruminant feed in the developed world. This book brings together in one volume all aspects of their basic biology and associated production practices.

Emphasis is placed on the importance of understanding plant characteristics and their consequences in 5/5(1).

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persistence of seven forage legumes under three grazing regimes by james pierre muir a dissertation presented to the graduate school of the university of florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy university of florida acknowledgments there are, i am certain, many more constructive ways.

Initial Screening for Persistence and Productivity of 20 Promising Native and Exotic Pasture Legume Species in Two Productive Contrasting Forage Grasses in Belize Productivity of 16 Forage Legumes Under Cutting in Belize on Contrasting Soils: A High Alluvial Terrace and A Lowland Pine Savanna I.

texts All Books All Texts latest This Just In Smithsonian Libraries FEDLINK (US) Genealogy Lincoln Collection. National Emergency Persistence of seven forage legumes under three grazing regimes by Muir, James Pierre. Publication date Topics Forage plants, Legumes as Pages: An important publication on legume persistence is the Proceedings of the Trilateral Workshop held in Honolulu, Hawaii, on 18–22 July It was published as a book by the American Society of Agronomy Tri-Societies under the title ‘Persistence of Forage Legumes’ (Marten et al.

This workshop is a good synopsis for where this general issue was in for the Cited by: Natural pasture is a forage but is not grown as a crop, so is termed forage, not a forage crop.

Forage crops produce much higher yields than natural forages and because they produce high yields, can be fed to cattle as both green forage during the Cited by: 6.

Get this from a library. Persistence of forage legumes: proceedings of a trilateral workshop held in Honolulu, Hawaii, July held under the auspices and support of the Australian/United States of America Agreement on Scientific and Technical Cooperation and the New Zealand/United States of America Science and Technology Agreement.

He researches growth of grasses and persistence of legumes. Michael Collins is Professor of Agronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington.

He received his BS degree from Berea College, MS degree from West Virginia University and the PhD from the University o Kentucky. One of the major deficiencies of forage stands is the inability to maintain an adequate legume component.

It is the purpose of this treatise to examine persistence in red clover, the factors that affect it, and finally, approaches to the development of greater persistence.

John L. Capinera, in Handbook of Vegetable Pests, Disease Transmission. Forage legumes may serve as a source of plant viruses for both legume and non-legume vegetable crops, and the Acyrthosiphon species serve as effective vectors. For example, the incidence of bean yellow mosaic virus is related to the proximity of clover (Hagel and Hampton, ).

View photos of the Forage Systems Research Center: Flickr. Forage Yield and Persistence Trials (Legume Variety Evaluation) Dr. Leon McIntyre and Jim Gerrish.

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Legume variety evaluation 3 years and 3 year mean yield and total production. be long-lived is called persistence. Persistence of a particular species depends on: its inherent vigor; disease and pest resistance; tolerance to heat, cold, drought, flooding, poor fertility, shade and other environmental factors; and management decisions that affect survival.

Persistence is a valuable trait for improved perennialFile Size: KB. legumes and the spring growth of most grasses. management systems when the primary goal is yield, quality, or stand persistence. Cultivars within a species difer in maturity, seasonality of growth, yield potential, and quality of forage produced, thereby allowing some ine-tuning of management on a within-species basis for speciic sites.

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Studies of Forage Legumes and Forage Herbs Contributions to this volume include studies of Medicago sativa L., of interspecific hybrids between Trifolium repens L. and Trifolium ambiguum M. Bieb., and of Lotus corniculatus L., in addition to the nutritional benefits to ruminants of secondary metabolites present in L.

corniculatus herbage. This text provides information that readers will find considerably invaluable about forage feeds, such as grass, legumes, hay, and straw. The book is composed of 16 chapters that feature the following concepts of ruminant forage feeding: • composition of ruminant products and the nutrients required for maintenance and reproduction; • energy.

In forage production, an area of differing philosophy is what might be called, “the grass-versus-legume controversy.” Many forage crop experts seem to either lean heavily toward the predominant use of forage grasses, or they strongly favor the use of legumes whenever possible.

Obviously. maintaining legumes in mixed pastures. Potassium is taken up by plant roots and is very important in plant water relations. K is also instrumental to plant viqor, disease resistance, and winter hardiness. Annual K applications are important to insure persistence of File Size: KB.

Less than 10% of the forage land is soil tested. Of the forage land that is tested, 40% is below pH45% is low in phosphorus, and 35% is low in potassium. Th erefore, legume establishment and growth would improve by soil testing and subsequent fertilizer and lime Size: KB.

Forage Yield, Quality, Compatibility, and Persistence of Warm-Season Grass-Legume Mixtures G. L. Posle, r, A. W. Lenssen,* and G.

L. Fine ABSTRACT Development of compatible, persistent, warm-season ~.rass-legume mixtures could increase forage yield and quality during summer months.

We established a trial to determine forage yield, quality.Persistence, an important attribute of forage legumes, is influenced by climate, management, pests, and by their interrelations in a given environment.

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The main mechanisms of germination control, in the reproductive regeneration of annual legumes, are seed bank dynamics, hardseededness and the pattern of breakdown of seed dormancy.

Seed burial ability, seed Cited by: 8.Grasses and Legumes Understanding the general structure, or morphol-ogy, of forage grasses and legumes aids in their iden-tification.

Generalized drawings of a legume and a grass are shown in Figures 1 and 2. These drawings are composites and contain characteristics of several different legumes or grasses.

Forage Identification and UseFile Size: 1MB.